Here are a few things to remember while photographing children.

Making Children Pose
The most challenging aspect of children’s photography is making them pose for a photograph. The ideal way to frame them is actually not to make them pose. However, sometimes they need to sit or stand in a certain way for a particular photograph, for example, a passport photograph. Here, the children above the age of three can be instructed how to hold their bodies in specific positions. However, one has to let them take their time to do so. It is pointless to expect them to behave like adults and assume the right posture instantly. Children below the age of three would hardly understand what it needs to pose for a photograph. If you want to make them sit or stand in a particular way, then you have to wait for the right moment when they naturally do so.

Getting Their Expressions Right
Managing facial expressions, even in the case of adult, is difficult. It is more so in the case of children. The two most important aspects of the face are eye contact and smile. Although it is not mandatory to make eye contact or smile to look good in a photo, it is the easiest way to look cool. Here. however, technology can come to your rescue. There are cameras available in the market that are equipped with features such as smile detection and eye contact detection. A camera with the smile detection feature automatically clicks when the subject smiles. Similarly, the ones with eye detection feature take an automatic snap as soon as the lens meet the pupils of the subject. These are pretty handy devices to consider. If you have a more naturalistic approach, then you will definitely like to make the children smile at or give attention to you by using other means such as engaging them in a conversation or holding something in your hands that they would love to look at. But if you want to hold something in your hands, you have to first free your hands. You can use a tripod or any other stand to fix the camera at an ideal angle.

Finding the Right Direction
Whether you hold the camera or fix it on a tripod, deciding the angle from which the photograph is to be taken is crucial to the outcome of any photography. This general principle of photography to get the direction right is also applicable to children’s photography. There are two things to keep in mind while deciding the direction — the background and the subject. It is important to note how a child looks from a certain direction. What they wear or hold makes them look a certain way from a specific angle. Again, if they hold any object — let’s say a toy or a prop — it will have its best impact only from a specific angle. The other thing is the background. Ask yourself the question — “How does the background look from this direction?” Remember, the best snaps are the ones taken from a perfect angle.

Being in the Right Range
The range you decide to be in is just as important as the angle. The range is all about your distance from the subject and the height at which you hold the camera. It is seen that photographs that are taken from the eye level of the subject are the most alive. Children being much smaller than you, you may have to sit on the floor or even lie on your stomach for the right kind of appeal. Good children photographers get into all kinds of positions just for the sake of the ideal range. If you conveniently sit or stand while taking a child’s photograph, then be sure you have lost half the appeal. So far as distance is concerned, there is no ideal distance. However, in children photography, the closer you are to the subject, the better is the scope of capturing their best expressions and mannerisms which make them look the cutest.

Deciding on the Use of Flash
It is always good to use natural light for photography. However, at times you are bound to use the flash. It is better to use Automatic Flash while photographing children to ensure that it doesn’t hurt their sensitive eyes. They almost do not know that there was a click if you use this feature. External flash can be used while taking photographs of older children. But in any case, the flash should not directly strike a child’s eyes.

You can take it for granted that some children will just not cooperate once they are aware that their photograph is being taken. Apart from these technical aspects of photography, therefore, you need to have good ‘child skills’ to understand children better and to know how to make them do, in the most natural way, what you want them to, while taking their stills. Be as quick as the children are since most of them wouldn’t know how to hold a particular emotion or expression on their face. Small children, particularly, change moods within a few seconds and cannot hold any single expression for a long time. Be friendly and have a lot of patience while capturing them. Be alert to each of their cues and they will not disappoint you.

Consider this when photographing couples.

When it comes to couple photos, there are rules of couples photography that you should be familiar with. In photography, you can shoot a candid photo that showcases a strong bond between the couple. Depending on the pose, there are certain considerations to bear in mind in order to take great couple portraits. Always bear in mind that careful planning can drastically improve the results.

Planning in advance

Even though spontaneity has been the approach used by many, it is still important to plan before shooting. The planning phase should include the location, clothing to be used, camera to use and the poses of the subjects. If you do not want to take the couple photos in the studio, you can use an outdoor location such as a garden. In doing so, the foliage will serve as the backdrop. The natural lighting will work best since it is difficult to utilize directional light on two people. As for daylight settings, the fine grain of ISO 100 film is the best choice for shooting photos.

Shooting posed photos

Unlike with the candid photos where subjects are unaware of the camera, you have to arrange the subjects in order to create a vibrant arrangement. In case you are shooting a head-and-shoulders photo, it is best to position the face of one subject slightly higher than the other. A good example is to position the man a step behind the woman. A rule of thumb is to pose the couple so that the mouth of one and the eyes of the other are uniform on an imaginary line.

Supplementary lighting

For additional lighting, you can utilize white cardboard or one that is covered with a silver or gold finish. This reflector is very is useful if you want the light to bounce back into the shadow areas on the face of the subjects. It is also best to experiment with fill flash to achieve additional lighting. Just be careful when lighting couples since the illumination on both faces must be even.

Different camera angles

Once you have taken several couple photos, it is time to try at different vantage points such as shooting below or above. You can position on the side of the man in order to shoot the face of the woman looking at him. You can also get behind the couple and shoot the back of their heads close together. Depending on your preferences, you might want to try out these vantage points.

Candid couple photos

For candid photos of a couple, it is important to capture moments when the subjects are involved with one another. Essentially, the couple should be comfortable and not aware of the presence of the camera. The rapport between the couple will make it possible for you to shoot them at close vicinity or provide them space by simply using the zoom function on them. One way to increase your chances of capturing a special moment is to be always ready with your camera. All you have to do is to preset the exposure of the camera and observe via the viewfinder so that you will not miss out on any special moments. Do not forget to take a lot of photos since some candid shots will surely turn out better than the others.

By sticking with the 5 rules of couples photography, it will surely increase your chances of getting great quality photos for couples whether for casual photos or formal events.

When it comes to the delicate art of portrait photography, not everyone holding a camera can churn out a masterpiece. This is because the non-skilled photographer is not aware of the rules that help the more experienced photographer to be very good at taking portraits. The discussion below presents the top 5 rules of portrait photography that will help those interested in becoming better and better at their craft.

1 Use A Wide Aperture.A wide aperture allows you to keep the entire face of the person you are photographing in focus. This sharp focus should, however, be done in such a way that you still have a blur in the background of the photograph. The blur is critical because it helps you to distinguish the background from the person you are photographing. Practice on your camera and find that wide aperture which will help you focus on the client while having a minimal blur in the background.

2 Make The Subject Look Straight Into The Camera.When it comes to eye direction, it is best to have the subject look straight into the camera as that gives the portrait a power that draws whoever views it. A slight variation of this rule is to ensure the eyes of the subject face where the nose is pointing so that these two major features are aligned.

3 A Longer Focal Length Is Best. A long focal length of say 100 mm is very good for the subject. This is because their facial features can get somehow compressed so that they look thinner and more flattering. There is no point in taking a photograph that will not be pleasing because all features are so sharp that they look bigger than they actually are.

4 Provide Light From Another Source Other Than What The Camera Has. In online dating photography, getting the lighting right is at least half the job done. Use lighting that comes from a direction that differs in a small degree from the direction of the camera light and the portrait will have that depth that gives it character.If the worst comes to the worst, use the light from the window and move the person so that the light angle is just right for portrait depth.

5 Avoid Having Your Subject Stand Straight Facing The Camera.When they stand straight facing the camera, the subject of the portrait will look very wide and unattractive. The best way is to position the person in such a way that they are turning slightly into the camera. Position the shoulders such that one is a bit lower than the other. This posture makes the person look slightly smaller and more captivating.

Final Thoughts. You may have your say about the rules presented above, but the best way to form an opinion is to first try something then base on the results you get to form an opinion. What can be asserted here is that the above 5 rules of portrait photography presented here do work well and when followed, the quality of portraits taken will jump up a notch. So, what are you waiting for? Go try them out!

When you are planning to wed, it is important to view an engagement photo session as a fundamental aspect that defines your long waited goal. It serves as a right of passage making you and your significant other psyche for the big day-wedding. Engagement photo session is a special occasion for both of you; it creates a strong bond, why then have an engagement photography session?

Engagement photo session helps you to discover some sense on how to improve your big-day, to make it a success (wedding) through the photo session, you both learn a lot of different things, it serves as a rehearsal of the wedding day photo session, for instance, you discover texture and color effects that influence the quality of your photography. It provides a lot of experience; you can sit back and in retrospect choose what to add or exclude for your wedding day through the experience you have learned. The session helps you to learn how to get relaxed in front of a camera to improve the photos for your wedding; it helps you develop a warm rapport with your photographer as he/she gives you tips on to pose for better and quality photos. Practice is the key factor to develop a better end product; this is achieved in an engagement photo session.

Engagement photos helps for future memory, once you get married, you will go for your honeymoon, during this time of hot romance, and cuddling, you will want to reflect how you met and where it all began. Having engagement photo session will serve as a nice memory builder, a reminder of the days when you used to date. Somehow naïve and conscious with the gait of your spouse, they are good for future reminiscence, a nostalgic way of passing time even in your older years in marriage-lets say 30 years later. Engagement photos can also serve as a wedding invitation photos, you will select the best ones you took during your engagement and you can choose to place them at the table of your reception desk during the wedding day.

Engagement photo sessions serves as an emotional connection between you and the photographer, this is because there is time to talk and make jokes as compared to a wedding day where you are much connected to your spouse. During this time, the photographer gets to know your inner self, personality and attitude, this opportunity enables your photographer know both your characters and behavior. Another reason for this session is that; it creates a long lasting friendship with the photographer, he/she will not disappoint you during the wedding opting for a better paying contract, even if you pay little amount, they will sacrifice their time and energy to dedicate it to your big day.

Why have an engagement photography session, is an important thought that should be answered with a lot of ease considering the above mentioned reasons, it serves as a confidence builder, creates a positive rapport between you and your photographer and avoids some embarrassing moments you would have done in your big day. Therefore consider this as a fundamental aspect of your journey down the aile.